Unit 1

Irony and Conflict: “The Interlopers” by Saki


English II    

Unit Length and Description:


Nine Weeks


Students will explore irony, conflict, and the story structure using “The Interlopers” as the central piece.  Students will also read and analyze poems that supplement these stories either thematically or through the use of literary devices.  Students should be able to identify similarities across various types of writing, including informational text.  Research will include an investigation of prescribed articles, which will result in argumentative writing.  The culminating writing task requires students to engage in explanatory writing, identifying the story elements that they believe to be the most important in the creation of an effective short story.




Reading Literature

RL.9-10.1: Cite relevant and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.


RL. 9-10.2: Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.


RL. 9-10.3: Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme.


Reading Informational Texts

RI. 9-10.1: Cite relevant and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.


RI. 9-10.2: Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.


RI. 9-10.3: Analyze how the author unfolds an analysis or series of ideas or events, including the order in which the points are made, how they are introduced and developed, and the connections that are drawn between them.



W. 9-10.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

a)   Introduce a topic; organize complex ideas, concepts, and information to make important connections and distinctions; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

b)   Develop the topic with well-chosen, relevant, and sufficient facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples appropriate to the audience’s knowledge of the topic.

c)    Use appropriate and varied transitions to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among complex ideas and concepts.

d)   Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to manage the complexity of the topic.

e)   Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to norms and conventions of the discipline in which they are writing.

f)    Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented (e.g., articulating implications or the significance of the topic).


W. 9-10.4: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.


W. 9-10.5: Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a different approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience.


Speaking and Listening

SL. 9-10.1: Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 9-10 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

a)   Come to discussions prepared, having read and researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence from texts and other research on the topic or issue to stimulate a thoughtful, well-reasoned exchange of ideas.

b)   Work with peers to set rules for collegial discussions and decision-making (e.g., informal consensus, taking notes on key issues, presentation of alternate views), clear goals and deadlines, and individual roles as needed.

c)    Propel conversations by posing and responding to questions that relate the current discussion to broader themes or larger ideas; actively incorporate others into the discussion; clarify, verify, or challenge ideas and conclusions.

d)   Respond thoughtfully to diverse perspectives, summarize points of agreement and disagreement, and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own views and understanding and make new connections in light of the evidence and reasoning presented.



L. 9-10.1: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

a)   Use parallel structure.

b)   Use various types of phrases (noun, verb, adjectival, adverbial, participial, prepositional, absolute) and clauses (independent, dependent; noun, relative, adverbial) to convey specific meanings and add variety and interest to writing or presentations.


L. 9-10.2: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

a)   Use a semicolon (and perhaps a conjunctive adverb) to link two or more closely related independent clauses.

b)   Use a colon to introduce a list or quotation.

c)    Spell correctly.


Enduring Understandings:


·        A story’s setting can affect a character’s actions as well as his or her reactions.

·        The setting of a story can intensify or mute a story’s main conflict.

·        Irony can show the reader how to solve conflicts as well as how to avoid conflicts.

·        Situational, dramatic, and verbal irony all serve similar but different purposes in stories as well as poetry.

·        Universal themes and various literary elements are able to transcend various types of writing.


Essential Questions:


·        How does a story’s setting affect the characters?

·        How does a story’s setting relate to the story’s main conflict?

·        How can the presence of irony introduce a moral or teach a lesson?

·        What are the different types of irony, and when is it appropriate to use each?

·        How can different types of writing (informational texts, short stories, and poems) share a common theme or literary elements?