Unit 7

Weather

 

Kindergarten

ELA

 

Unit Length and Description:

 

3 weeks

 

 

This unit offers students activities and practice in learning about weather. The focus is on: types of weather, effects of weather, and weather prediction. The phonics skills practiced are /b/ and /e/ as well as the phonograms, -ip and -in.

 

Standards:

 

RL.K.1

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

RL.K.2

With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details.

RL.K.3

 

With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story.

RL.K.4

Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.

RL.K.5

Recognize common types of texts (e.g., storybooks, poems).

RL.K.9

 

With prompting and support, compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters, in familiar stories.

RL.K.10

Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.

RI.K.1

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

RI.K.2

With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.

RI.K.4

 

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.

RI.K.6

Name the author and illustrator of a text and define the role of each in presenting the ideas or information in a text.

RI.K.8

With prompting and support, identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text.

RI.K.9

 

With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).

RI.K.10

Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.

RF.K.1

Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.

RF.K.1b

Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters.

RF.K.2

 

Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

RF.K.2a

Recognize and produce rhyming words.

RF.K.2b

Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken word.

RF.K.2c

Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable words.

RF.K.2d

 

Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC words.

RF.K.2e

Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new words.

RF.K.3

Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

RF.K.3a

Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or many of the most frequent sounds for each consonant.

RF.K.3b

 

Associate the long and short sounds with common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.

RF.K.3c

 

Read common high-frequency words by sight (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does).

RF.K.3d

Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.

RF.K.4

Read emergent-reader texts with purpose and understanding.

W.K.1

Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is . . .).

W.K.2

Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic.

W.K.3

 

Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to narrate a single event or several loosely linked events, tell about the events in the order in which they occurred, and provide a reaction to what happened.

W.K.5

 

With guidance and support from adults, respond to questions and suggestions from peers and add details to strengthen writing as needed.

W.K.6

With guidance and support from adults, explore a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing including in collaboration with peers.

W.K.7

Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and express opinions about them.)

W.K.8

 

With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

SL.K.1

 

Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

SL.K.1a

Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., listening to others and taking turns speaking about the topics and texts under discussion.

SL.K.1b

Continue a conversation through multiple exchanges.

SL.K.2

 

Confirm understanding of a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media by asking and answering questions about key details and requesting clarification if something is not understood.

SL.K.3

Ask and answer questions in order to seek help, get information, or clarify something that is not understood.

SL.K.4

 

Describe familiar people, places, things, and events and, with prompting and support, provide additional detail.

SL.K.5

Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions as desired to provide additional detail.

SL.K.6

Speak audibly and express thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly.

L.K.1

 

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

L.K.1a

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

L.K.2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

L.K.2a

Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I.

L.K.1b

Recognize and name end punctuation.

L.K.2

 

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

L.K.2a

Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I.

L.K.2b

Recognize and name end punctuation.

L.K.2c

 

Write a letter or letters for most consonant and short-vowel sounds (phonemes).

L.K.2d

 

Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships.

L.K.4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on kindergarten reading and content.

L.K.4a

Identify new meanings for familiar words and apply the m accurately (e.g., knowing duck is a bird and learning the verb to duck).

L.K.5

With guidance and support from adults, explore word relationships and nuances in word meanings.

L.K.5b

Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives by relating them to their opposites (antonyms).

L.K.5c

Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at school that are colorful).

L.K.5d

Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs describing the same general action (e.g., walk, march, strut, prance) by acting out the meanings.

L.K.6

Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts.

Enduring Understandings:

 

         Weather is all around us.

         Weather affects our decisions.

         There are different kinds of weather.

         Weather can be predicted by patterns.

         Meteorologists use tools to predict the weather.

 

Essential Questions:

 

         What is weather?

         How does weather influence our lives?

         What tools do meteorologists use to help them predict the weather?