Unit 5

Animals

 

Kindergarten

ELA

 

Unit Length and Description:

 

3 weeks

 

This unit offers students activities and practice in learning about animals. The focus is on: animals we know, how animals change and grow, and animal homes. The phonics/spelling skills practiced are /o/ (initial and medial), /f/ (initial). The writing forms are sentence writing and letters.

 

Standards:

 

RL.K.2

With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details.

RL.K.3

 

With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story.

RL.K.4

Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.

RL.K.5

Recognize common types of texts (e.g., storybooks, poems).

RL.K.6

 

With prompting and support, name the author and illustrator of a story and define the role of each in telling the story.

RL.K.7

 

With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the story in which they appear (e.g., what moment in a story an illustration depicts).

RL.K.10

Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.

R.I.K.3

With prompting and support, describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.

RI.K.4

 

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.

RI.K.5

Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book.

RI.K.6

Name the author and illustrator of a text and define the role of each in presenting the ideas or information in a text.

RI.K.9

 

With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).

RI.K.10

Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.

RF.K.1

Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.

RF.K.1a

Follow words from left to right, top to bottom and page by page.

RF.K.1b

Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters.

RF.K.1c

Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.

RF.K.1d

Recognize and name all upper-and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

RF.K.2

 

Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

RF.K.2a

Recognize and produce rhyming words.

RF.K.2d

 

Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC words.

RF.K.3

Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

RF.K.3a

Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or many of the most frequent sounds for each consonant.

RF.K.3b

 

Associate the long and short sounds with common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.

RF.K.3c

 

Read common high-frequency words by sight (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does).

RF.K.4

Read emergent-reader texts with purpose and understanding.

W.K.1

Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is . . .).

W.K.2

Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic.

W.K.3

 

Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to narrate a single event or several loosely linked events, tell about the events in the order in which they occurred, and provide a reaction to what happened.

W.K.5

 

With guidance and support from adults, respond to questions and suggestions from peers and add details to strengthen writing as needed.

W.K.7

Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and express opinions about them.)

W.K.8

 

With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

SL.K.1

 

Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

SL.K.1a

 

Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., listening to others and taking turns speaking about the topics and texts under discussion.)

SL.K.1b

Continue a conversation through multiple exchanges.

SL.K.2

 

Confirm understanding of a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media by asking and answering questions about key details and requesting clarification if something is not understood.

SL.K.3

Ask and answer questions in order to seek help, get information, or clarify something that is not understood.

SL.K.4

 

Describe familiar people, places, things, and events and, with prompting and support, provide additional detail.

SL.K.5

Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions as desired to provide additional detail.

SL.K.6

Speak audibly and express thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly.

L.K.1

 

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

L.K.1a

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

L.K.1b

Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs.

L.K.1e

Use the most frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., to, from, in, out, on, off, for, of, by, with).

L.K.1f

Produce and expand complete sentences in shared language activities.

L.K.2

 

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

L.K.2a

Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I.

L.K.2b

Recognize and name end punctuation.

L.K.2c

 

Write a letter or letters for most consonant and short-vowel sounds (phonemes).

L.K.2d

 

Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships.

L.K.4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on kindergarten reading and content.

L.K.4a

Identify new meanings for familiar words and apply the m accurately (e.g., knowing duck is a bird and learning the verb to duck).

L.K.5

With guidance and support from adults, explore word relationships and nuances in word meanings.

L.K.5c

Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at school that are colorful).

L.K.6

Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts.

Enduring Understandings:

 

         Animals live in different habitats.

         Some animals make good pets.

         Baby animals change and grow into adults.

         Some animal babies look like their parents, and some look different.

         People must help care for animals.

 

Essential Questions:

 

         Where do animals live?

         What kinds of animals make good pets?

         How do we care for animals?

         Why are animal habitats different?